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A guide to creating citations
Last Updated: Dec 8, 2014 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

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The purpose of this guide is to provide easy access to information on how to create great citations.

But if you need to look something up, here is the Discovery Tool Link


Searching: Discovery Service for Lincoln University


Search Everything At Once with ONESearch!


Handy Files For Your Paper Writing

Here are some directions for various tasks you may find yourself engaging in as you write your paper.


More Help

Did you know that Lincoln University has writing tutors? You can find out more about them by contacting the Career and Academic Support Services?


A bit of humor

The real question here is, did Calvin remember his citations?

(Waterson, 1993).


Some tips

Here are some tips to help make the task of citation easier.

1. Use the document tools. 

      Even if you use Refworks or another online tool, you might find it good to know that you can use Microsoft Word to manage the citations in a specific document. This citation tool allows you to shift between styles quickly and effortlessly if you need to.

And now Google Docs had a citation tool too:

2. Don't wait to cite.

      As you use a resource, whether quote, statistic or paraphrase, cite it. Don't wait to the end of the paper to try to go back and remember where you found the     information in the first place.

3. Use an online tool.

      As a student at LU, you have access to Refworks, which is an online bibliographic tool. This tool allows you to store the documents you find via searches in one central location. It also helps you build bibliographies on the fly. 


Why Cite?

Writing the Research Paper takes dedication

1. Exhibits courtesy and respect for other's work

2. Provides resources to others who may have similar topics and things to investigate

3. Allows the reader / observer to compare your discoveries and ideas to others

4. Provides support for your research or ideas and strengthens your work

5. Helps to show direction of thinking

6. Looks professional and keeps document readable

7. Avoids plagiarism, with bonus of appreciation to previous authors

8. Prevents embarrassment of false discovery

9. Allows you to find the documentation again when you've "lost," it

10. It's fun.


Did I plagiarize?


A Style?

One of the little surprises of academic life is the joy of discovering that there isn't just one single way to cite a source. In fact, depending upon a variety of details, including topics, the school one attends, and the needs of the publisher or professor, there can be hundreds. Fortunately for most of us, most professors opt for one of the more well known citation styles.

  • MLA style, which is typically used by the Humanities
  • APA style, which is often used by Education, Psychology, and Business.
  • Chicago/Turabian, which is generally used by History and some of the Fine Arts

The key is, once a style is chosen for a document, stick with that style; and make sure it's the one that the professor requires (Pfitzinger, 2012).

Fortunately, there are loads of awesome tools to help you "stay in style," in your paper.

Awesome Resources

  • Butler University Citation Guides
    This LibGuide was designed to provide you with assistance in citing your sources when writing a paper.

    There are different styles which format the information differently, so select the tab for the style you need and take a look at some examples.
  • Lincoln University's Refworks
    Refworks is an online bibliographic tool. Lincolnites may create an account and use the Refworks tools to search for and maintain links to sources and to create powerful and unique bibliographies using the most up to date citation styles.
  • Pitt.Libguides Citation Styles
    This LibGuide was designed to provide you with assistance in citing your sources when writing an academic paper.

    There are different styles which format the information differently. In each tab, you will find descriptions of each citation style featured in this guide along with links to online resources for citing and a few examples.

Works Cited

Pfitzinger, Scott. "Butler University Libuide: Citations Guide." 2012.Web. <>.

Waterson, Bill. "Calvin and Hobbes." 2012.Web. <>


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