LS 101 Supplement - Information Literacy

This guide is designed to act as a supplement to LS 101 and provide some basic information related to information literacy.

Why Can't I Just Search Google?!

Many students want to search Google for all of their researching needs. This video, provided by the University of Rhode Island Libraries, explains the answer. 

What is Information Literacy?

From the Association of College & Research Libraries. 

Information Literacy Defined

Information literacy is a set of abilities requiring individuals to "recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information." 1 Information literacy also is increasingly important in the contemporary environment of rapid technological change and proliferating information resources. Because of the escalating complexity of this environment, individuals are faced with diverse, abundant information choices--in their academic studies, in the workplace, and in their personal lives. Information is available through libraries, community resources, special interest organizations, media, and the Internet--and increasingly, information comes to individuals in unfiltered formats, raising questions about its authenticity, validity, and reliability. In addition, information is available through multiple media, including graphical, aural, and textual, and these pose new challenges for individuals in evaluating and understanding it. The uncertain quality and expanding quantity of information pose large challenges for society. The sheer abundance of information will not in itself create a more informed citizenry without a complementary cluster of abilities necessary to use information effectively.

Information literacy forms the basis for lifelong learning. It is common to all disciplines, to all learning environments, and to all levels of education. It enables learners to master content and extend their investigations, become more self-directed, and assume greater control over their own learning. An information literate individual is able to:

  • Determine the extent of information needed
  • Access the needed information effectively and efficiently
  • Evaluate information and its sources critically
  • Incorporate selected information into one’s knowledge base
  • Use information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose
  • Understand the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of information, and access and use information ethically and legally

What is Information?

Avoiding Plagiarism

It is important to always cite your sources. Watch this short clip to better understand how to avoid plagiarism. 

Review this website if you need more help. 

Works Cited

Akhallu7. Chicago Manual Style (CMS) Formatting. Web. February 15, 2012.

InnovativeTeach. Easy Referencing Using Word 2010. Web. April 21, 2011.

Kelley, Jesse. Building Information Literacy Skills. Arkansas. Web. February 12, 2013. 

LaPlante, Kevin. Avoiding Plagiarism: What Do I Need To Cite. Web. March 15, 2010

Larier Libraries. Developing A Research Question. Web. July 17, 2012.

Peak, David. APA Format Citations - Sixth Edition. Web. October 30, 2009.

Peak, David. MLA Style Essay Format - Word Tutorial. Web. January 10, 2011.

URILibraries. Why Can't I Just Search Google. Rhode Island. Web. August 24, 2012.

Western University. Evaluating Resources. California. Web. January 13, 2012.